After returning to Berlin, we took the train to Potsdam for a day trip. Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg. Located on the River Havel, Potsdam is about 15 miles southwest of Berlin (and a short train ride). Potsdam was the city of residence of the Prussian kings and German Kaisers until 1918 and is considered to have a similar status in Germany to Windsor in the United Kingdom.
|Looking across the Havel river to St. Nicholas' Church on the Alter Markt|
|Altes Rathaus was built in 1755 by Dutch architect, Jan Bouman|
|Potsdam's Dutch Quarter|
|Great Fountain and Vineyard Garden at Sanssouci Palace|
Frederick Wilhem IV also commissioned the building of the Orangery Palace. Two architects, Freidrich August Stueler and Ludwig Ferdinand Hesse, were hired to turn Frederick IV's drawings into a reality. It was built in the Italian Renaissance style.
At the end of the Seven Years War, Frederick the Great had the New Palace (Neues Palais) built to celebrate Prussia's success. Built between 1763 and 1769, the palace is considered the last great Prussian Baroque Palace. In stark contrast to the Sanssouci palace, Frederick wanted to display power and glory in the New Palace. It was not a regular residence for the King but a demonstration of his power.
|Looking towards the New Palace|
|New Palace from the other side|
The Roman baths of melded Roman and antiquated Italian styles were created by Frederick Wilhelm IV between 1829 and 1840. Frederick IV came up with ideas and drew the actual drafts. To build the baths, he hired architect, Karl Freidrich Schinkel, who he also hired to build Charlottenhof Palace.
The Chinese House (Chinesisches Haus) was designed and built by architect Johann Gottfried Buering 1755 and 1764 (it took nine years because of the Seven Years War). The building was used for small gatherings.
|The Roman Baths|
|Chinese House, Sanssouci Park|
If you're ever in Berlin, Potsdam is definitely worth the short trip. Old town, with its many restaurants and cafes, along with the old city gates, is a fun place to hang out, and you don't want to miss Sanssouci Park, with its many palaces and beautiful gardens. We were in awe by the shear size of Sanssouci Park.